In urban areas, considerable energy-saving results can be achieved through the use of smart lighting systems.
Smart luminaires have higher efficiency and lower energy consumption, as they consume up to 90 per cent less energy than traditional luminaires.
Smart urban lighting must be designed to combine the needs of energy efficiency and community service with the comfort and well-being of people, taking into account environmental conditions and social events.
According to a study conducted in 2021 (Intelligent Street Lighting in a Smart City Concepts-A Direction to Energy Saving in Cities: An Overview and Case Study – MDPI), global electricity consumption is reaching considerable numbers and increasing by about 3 per cent each year. Urban lighting is responsible for 15-19 per cent of global electricity consumption, lighting accounts for 2.4 per cent of mankind’s annual energy resources and about 5-6 per cent of total greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere. Atmospheric CO2 concentrations have increased by 40 per cent (..), urban lighting alone can account for up to 20-40 per cent of energy expenditure. LED lighting can achieve energy savings of 50-70 per cent compared to conventional technologies.
Proper design and management of smart urban lighting results in energy savings and greater luminaire efficiency.
Smart urban lighting management includes the possibility of integrating connectivity systems to be applied to urban settings, enabling functional controls of lighting systems.
The application contexts of smart urban lighting are diverse and each with different needs. Using luminaires designed for remote management, solutions can be offered for different applications: main roads, roads, pedestrian areas, parks and cycle paths.