Once the objectives are defined, it’s crucial to understand how to enhance the infrastructure. In most cases, the project to build a smart city starts from a baseline where basic services are lacking or there have been minimal investments by municipal authorities in their improvement or maintenance.
Key areas of intervention to improve smart city performance include installing weather stations, devices capable of collecting data on atmospheric conditions, such as temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, wind speed, and direction.
This information allows local authorities to make informed decisions about resource and public service management. For instance, data from weather stations can be used to optimize public lighting management and reduce energy consumption.
When building a smart city, the importance of air quality sensors should not be underestimated. These instruments can detect the composition of city air, especially focusing on the presence of pollutants like carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, and fine particles.
By continuously monitoring air quality, urban areas with higher pollution levels can be identified, and measures can be taken to improve air quality, such as traffic regulation and promoting public transport.
At the same time, the data collected from air gas sensors can be made available to citizens, encouraging them to adopt more sustainable behaviors to protect their health and that of their fellow citizens.
Building a smart city means improving infrastructure not only for citizens but also for tourists. Hence, touch totems and spaces for municipal bulletin boards become essential. These tools allow tourists to quickly find the information they need, such as locating public transport stops. They also provide a means for local authorities to communicate with citizens about initiatives to improve their well-being, like exhibitions and free museum entry days.